A. M. RAUT*, SATINDER KAUR, ANIL KUMAR, SATINDER PAL, PAWAN ZORE, GAGAN DEEP
Department of Entomology, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144 411 (Punjab), India
*(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org); Mobile : 9779613278
(Received : August 14, 2018; Accepted : October 10, 2018)
Citrus butterfly is known by various names like common butterfly, citrus swallowtail which regularly present on Rutaceae
family plants and it is distributed all over the world. A laboratory experiment carried out during 2017 to study life cycle stages and its behaviour on citrus host. Egg masses were collected from lemon plants and reared in laboratory condition and observed regularly from hatching to adult period. The larvae feed on lemon leaf and adults were offered 10% sucrose for normal development. The young female oviposited singly on tender twigs, upper and lower surface of leaf. Fresh lay eggs were yellowish in colour and brown at hatching stage. The average development periods of Papillio demoleus on lemon were 3.8 days (egg), 20.8 days (larva), 11.8 days (pupal), 4.6 days (male adult) and 7.6 days (female adult). Total life cycle was completed in 40.9 days for male and 43.9 days for female on lemon plants. Correct visual identification of P. demoleus and its life cycle may be useful for integrated pest management strategy.
Key words : Papillio demoleus, life cycle, lemon, biological events