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The Relationship between Quality of Life and Adjustment Pattern of Senior Citizens

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004 (Haryana),
*(e-mail :; Mobile : 9813756230
(Received : October 12, 2018; Accepted : November 25, 2018)


Adjustment is the behavioural process by which humans and other animals maintain balance among their various needs or between their needs and the obstacles of their environments. People strive to be comfortable in their surroundings and to have their psychological needs met through the social networks they inhabit. Quality of life has been defined as the context of culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns. The study was conducted in Hisar district of Haryana state. The study was planned on senior citizens of 60-70 years of age. A total of 400 senior citizens were selected to represent the sample. Two variables were used i. e. Dependent and Independent variables. Family type was taken as independent variable and quality of life was taken as dependent variable. Quality of life of senior citizens was accessed by QOL scale developed by World Health Organization (1996). Results revealed the relationship between quality of life and areas of adjustment pattern in senior citizens. Physical domain of quality of life was negatively and significantly correlated with home (r=-0.186, P<0.05) and marital adjustment (r=-0.119, P<0.05) of senior citizens. However, psychological domain was negatively and significantly correlated with health (r=-0.113, P<0.05), social (r=-0.131, P<0.05) and marital adjustment (r=-0.113, P<0.05) of senior citizens. Further environment domain and overall quality of life were negatively and significantly correlated with home (r=-0.155, r=-0.180, P<0.05), marital (r=-0.106, r=-0.107 P<0.05) and emotional (r=-0.195, r=-0.156 P<0.05) adjustment pattern of senior citizens. Only spirituality domain
was negatively and significantly correlated with home adjustment pattern (r=-0.107, P<0.05) of senior citizens.
Key words : Adjustment pattern, senior citizens, environment, cultural adjustment, well-being, happiness, personal achievement