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Rainwater Harvesting for Sustainable Development : A Case Study

Vaugh Institute of Agricultural Engineering & Technology, Sam Higginbottom University of Agricultural Technology
& Sciences, Allahabad-21107 (U. P.), India
*(e-mail :
(Received : February 12, 2018; Accepted : April 19, 2018)


Water is an essential natural resource for sustaining life and environment. Recent study shows that during the last four decades, groundwater wells and tube wells have increased, mainly in arid and semi-arid regions of India. Over exploitation of groundwater is a threat to the water quality and water table and creates hydrological imbalance. Rainwater harvesting (RWH) is a technique to conserve water and later use it in irrigation and other purposes. Now-a-days water harvesting system such as Rooftop, Rainwater storage tank, Recharge well and Check dam, etc. has been installed in most states of India because there are many benefits of adopting it such as increase in water availability, checks the declining water table, avoids flooding, improves the quality of groundwater through the dilution of fluoride and prevents soil erosion, etc. Government of India focuses on groundwater recharge and water harvesting under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) through Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP). In the guidelines of this scheme, it is clearly mentioned that water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures will be constructed on priority basis. Therefore, this study is focused on the contribution and role of RH in watershed of Hisar. The data for the study were collected by conducting the primary survey through using the scheduled technique and focused group discussions.

Key words : Groundwater, rooftop, RWH, PMKSY, IWMP