SHARAD SACHAN, NAMAMI GOHAIN*, SUBHASH KUMAR JAWLA, GUNESHORI MAISNAM AND AMITA YADAV
Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144 411 (Punjab), India
*(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org; Mobile : 7973488946)
(Received : May 17, 2019; Accepted : July 18, 2019)
The study was conducted in Haryana throughout the period of 2015-16, which examined the various costs, its returns and the breakeven point analysis under various categories of farms. It also included the studies of marketing systems, their costs, margins and marketing efficiency. The study discovered that the fixed cost and its investment in mushroom production was doubled for medium and large farms when compared with small farms due to lack of credit availability to farmers and showed an affirmative association with farm size. The cost of compost and spawn was directly proportional to farm size. There existed an affirmative correlation between mushroom production with farm size and income. Channel IV (Mushroom grower – Wholesaler – Retailer – Consumer) was the most common channel as maximum produce passed through this channel, but Channel I (Mushroom grower – Consumer) had the maximum share of producer in consumer price which made the Channel I best for farmers as well as consumers. The study suggested that the mushroom cultivation required more capital, hence, low interest capital should be provided and it being a perishable crop, infrastructure should be improved to increase the self-life of mushroom production.
Key words :Breakeven point analysis, cost-benefit ratio, marketing margins and efficiency, mushroom and price spread