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A Comparative Study on Quality of Life of Urban and Rural Senior Citizens

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004 (Haryana),
*(e-mail; Mobile : 9813756230
(Received : October 12, 2018; Accepted : December 25, 2018)


Quality of life of elderly people is becoming even more relevant with demographic shift happening towards an ageing
society. The study was conducted in Hisar district of Haryana state. The study was planned on senior citizens of 60-70 years of age. To draw the rural sample, two villages, namely, Gawar and Shyamsukh were purposively selected because these villages were adopted by Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar under the scheme ‘Unnat Bharat Abhiyan’. To draw the urban sample, city area of Hisar district was taken. A total of 400 senior citizens were selected to represent the sample. Out of these, 200 (100 male and 100 female) senior citizens were selected from rural area and similarly 200 (100 male and 100 female) senior citizens were selected from urban area. Two variables were used i. e. Dependent and Independent variables. Senior citizen was taken as independent variable and quality of life was taken as dependent variable. Quality of life of senior citizens was accessed by QOL scale developed by World Health Organization (1996). Results revealed that there were significant differences in areas of residence of senior citizens for all the aspects of quality of life, namely, psychological domain (Z=7.00), level of independence domain (Z=3.35), social relationship domain (Z=2.39), environment domain (Z=14.21), spirituality domain (Z=4.67) and overall quality of life (Z=10.93) at 0.05 level of significance. Non-significant differences were observed only in physical domain (Z=0.36).

Key words : Quality of life, urban, rural, senior citizens