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The Impact of Family Type on Quality of Life of Senior Citizens

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004 (Haryana),
*(e-mail :; Mobile : 9813756230
(Received : October 12, 2018; Accepted : December 26, 2018)


Quality of life has been defined as the context of culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns (Hameed, 2014). The study was conducted in Hisar district of Haryana state. The study was planned on senior citizens of 60-70 years of age. To draw the rural sample, two villages, namely, Gawar and Shyamsukh were purposively selected because these villages were adopted by Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar under the scheme ‘Unnat Bharat Abhiyan’. To draw the urban sample, city area of Hisar district was taken. A total of 400 senior citizens were selected to represent the sample. Out of these, 200 (100 male and 100 female) senior citizens were selected from rural area and similarly 200 (100 male and 100 female) senior citizens were selected from urban area. Two variables were used i. e. Dependent and Independent variables. Family type was taken as independent variable and quality of life was taken as dependent variable. Quality of life of senior citizens was accessed by QOL scale developed by World Health Organization (1996). Results revealed that the levels of independence domain and spirituality domain (χ2=12.14 and 12.63) of quality of life were significantly associated with the family type of senior citizens. However, physical domain psychological domain, social relationship domain environment domain, and overall quality of life were not significantly associated.

Key words : Family, quality of life, senior citizens, spirituality, environment, psychological problems