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Assessment of Seasonal Groundwater Quality of Rural Areas of Mandideep, District Raisen Using WQI

Meenu Sharma and Vipin Vyas
Department of Biosciences, Barkatullah University, Bhopal-462 026 (Madhya Pradesh), India
*(e-mail :; Mobile : 7746041105)
(Received : December 31, 2020; Accepted : February 12, 2021)


The present study was conducted to assess the seasonal variations in groundwater quality of rural
areas of Mandideep, district Raisen (Madhya Pradesh) for drinking purpose from March 2018 to March
2020. The study was carried out for physic-chemical parameters such as pH, TDS, total hardness,
calcium hardness, magnesium hardness, alkalinity, chloride, fluoride, nitrate, sulphate and iron. Results
were concluded as water quality index (WQI) using arithmetic weighted method for above parameters.
Based on results of WQI, it was observed that overall water quality index of pre-monsoon, post-monsoon
and winter season was 83.37, 52.27 and 66.44, respectively. The study also revealed that water quality
in post-monsoon season improved after percolation of rain waters and dilution helped in improving the
water quality. The study of the village sites also indicated the requirement of conventional treatment of
groundwater before consumption by local residents to prevent adverse health effects.
Key words : : Water quality index, physico-chemical parameters, seasons