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Crop Residue Burning : Impacts, Management Techniques and Policies

Department of Environmental Science & Engineering, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology,
Hisar-125 001 (Haryana), India
*(e-mail :; Mobile : 79880 69103)
(Received : February 1, 2022; Accepted : February 24, 2022)


In latest studies, it is revealed that crop residue burning in India has huge impacts on environment,
climate, health of all living beings, soil and agricultural productivity. The stubble burning is more extensive
in the states of north India and air quality of the region gets deteriorated especially in the postmonsoon season. In this paper, emphasis has been made on understanding the concentration of pollutants
released during crop residue burning and its impact on air quality of the region. The impact of stubble
burning on human health, harmful diseases caused due to stubble burning and number of deaths
caused due to air pollution as per World Health Organization (WHO) report and Global Burden of Disease
study has been discussed. The types of crops cultivated in Haryana and their quantity of production in
the state along with nutrients present in Haryana’s soil and their loss during stubble burning have also
been discussed. The various ex-situ and in-situ crop residue management practices that can be followed
to minimize stubble burning have been mentioned. The national schemes/policies launched in different
years from 2014-19 and Haryana government’s various schemes and initiatives taken to manage stubble
burning have been discussed in detail in this paper.
Key words : Crop residue burning, impacts, management techniques, policies