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Plight of Agro-irrigation Near Kala Sanghian Drain–A Systematic Case Study and Road Map for Sustainable Technologies

Department of Botany, School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144 411 (Punjab), India
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Industries are milestones for the development and welfare of any nation. Despite the tremendous success industries bring about, there are several industries that are persistently discharging toxic effluents into the water bodies effecting flora, fauna and human populations. At a regional level, regardless of the efforts of Punjab Pollution Control Board (PPCB), the practice of discharging domestic wastes and untreated industrial effluents into drains, rivulets and water channels has been unprecedented. Kala Sanghian Drain is one among the various thoroughly polluted water bodies. It receives the noxious effluents from tannery industries of leather complex and electroplating industries situated at focal point. The pestilential effluents are deteriorating the environment and health of the human populations in Jalandhar and Kapurthala districts. The crops that are grown on the banks of Kala Sanghian Drain are undoubtedly affected by the polluted water of the drain. Upon entering the Sutlej river, this contaminated water has a bearing on agricultural farms of the entire Malwa belt of Punjab and some parts of Rajasthan.Till date, the scientific community has not plunged into analyzing the composition of waste water in this drain. Suggesting the officials or people at large without rational explanation would have futile results. Keeping things in perspective, analyzing the waste water of Kala Sanghian Drain and sharing the understanding would have considerable impact on various stake holders in the implementation of guidelines of the pollution control board. Additionally, developing cost-effective and ecofriendly technologies to treat waste water effluents right at the point of discharge would help protect the water bodies and environment at large. This article focuses on strategies to analyze the composition of waste water of Kala Sanghian Drain and various eco-friendly technologies with their plausible role in ecofriendly irrigation.

Key words : Toxic effluents, eco-friendly technologies, waste water, bioremediation