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Phytochemical Screening of Medicinal Plants Used by Tribal Migratory Shepherds in Western Himalaya

School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management
Sciences, Solan-173 212 (Himachal Pradesh), India
*(e-mail :; Mobile : 8628878791)
(Received : January 27, 2019; Accepted : March 20, 2019)


Secondary metabolites present in the plants are having medicinal properties. These phytochemicals possess
lot of potential to cure number of illnesses. Hence, the present study dealt with the phytochemical screening
of leaves of some selected medicinal plants like Asparagus adscendens, Abies spectabilis, Asparagus filicinus,
Betula utilis, Berginia ciliata, Berberis lycium, Betula alnoides, Dioscorea deltoidea, Ephedra gerradiana,
Euphorbia hirta, Ficus religiosa, Juniperus polycarpus, Junniperus communis, Jurineama crocephala, Jurinea
dalomiaea, Lilium polyphyllum, Lyonia ovalifolia, Phytolacca acinosa, Picrorhiza kurroa and Vitex negundo,
etc. Methanolic (90%) extracts of leaf powders have been screened for qualitative determination of different
secondary metabolites like flavonoid, terpenoid, tannin, saponin, reducing sugar and alkaloid. All plant
materials were collected during the period of 2017-18 from Rakchham and Chitkul Wildlife Sanctuary.
The present study dealt with highlighting of the phytochemicals with respect to the role of some selected
wild medicinal plants in traditional system.

Key words : Medicinal plants, methanolic extracts, secondary metabolites